The main life loss was due to primary and secondary, physical and human factors. Pressure shift arose from these action and cooling stages in mantle causes stresses in the earth crust. Start studying Tectonics - Kobe and Japan earthquake. Transform boundaries are two plate boundaries that move in a side to side formation causing stress between the plates, which is then released as tension which causes the plates to move and earthquakes happen. The 1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake commonly referred to as the Kobe earthquake, Collapsed Hanshin Expressway. Kobe, Japan, 1995 - MEDC On 17th January 1995, an earthquake struck Kobe, a heavily populated urban area in Japan. , Schwartz and Rokosky, 2007] that have been discovered in the last two decades reflect various slip phenomena governed by frictional properties inhomogeneously distributed on plate boundaries. Which of the following case histories did NOT involve a tsunami? A. Earthquake Kobe Japan 1995. Here is a map showing the annual frequency of earthquakes. 4 on the Richter scale and occurred as a result of plate movement along the boundary between the Philippines Plate, Pacific Plate and Eurasian Plate. Friction is eventually overcome and the plates slip past in a sudden movement. instance, after the 1995 Kobe earthquake, the Port of Kobe, Japan’s largest shipping facility, was out of commission for more than two years, leading to huge economic losses for many local businesses. January 17 1995 in the southern part of Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. The Japanese Prime Minister has told all local people to put together an earthquake emergency kit that would be useful in the event of another earthquake. The movement of the Nojima fault was that of a strike slip movement, were the faults are moving horizontally. The earthquake hit at 5:46 am on Tuesday, Jan. The recent earthquake of November 15, 2006 - like those of 1994 and of 1963 - occurred on the Pacific side boundary of the smaller tectonic subplate which includes the Sea of Okhotsk and possibly a portion of the northern part of the Sea of Japan (Pararas-Carayannis, 1995). The shock occured at a shallow depth on a fault running from Awaji Island through to the city of Kobe, which has a population of 1. 23) Comparison of the 1971 (San Fernando) and 1994 (Northridge) Earthquake Foci. Kobe, Japan, 1995 - MEDC On 17th January 1995, an earthquake struck Kobe, a heavily populated urban area in Japan. The earthquake is also often referred to in Japan as the Great East Japan Earthquake or the 2011 Tohoku earthquake. For more than a minute, the crust ruptured, stretching 180 miles. Secondary. northeastern Japan due to high tsunami waves and strong ground motions. between the plates and the type occurred within oceanic plate. Hashimoto, T. Help Japan now. 2 Kobe earthquake occurred in the NKTZ. look at that road its real 1995 Kobe earthquake, Japan. ABSTRACT Understanding the factors controlling earthquake rupture areas in subduction zones is a fundamental question in geodynamic research. They are capable of killing thousands of people, such as in 1976 Tangshan and 2004 Indian Ocean incidents. Based on his estimates, the quake will occur by…. The San Andreas Fault is the sliding boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate. A deep earthquake registered by the JMA as M6. What causes earthquakes, and how do we study them? 6. Please explain the Plate Tectonics bit as well because I can't find anything useful on Wikipedia. 1995 Kobe, Japan, earthquake (hereinafter referred as the 1995 Kobe earthquake) was only a magnitude m = 7. It struck a region where most people lived in caves carved from soft rock. The Japanese earthquake was caused by the denser Philippine (oceanic) Plate sliding under the less dense Eurasian (continental) plate. Japan is one of the richest and most technologically advanced in the world and before the Kobe disaster, the country was considered to be well prepared for a major earthquake. Earthquakes away from plate boundaries. Here the Philippine Sea plate is moving under the Eurasia plate in an extensive subduction zone. This unit explores Natural Hazards, from plate tectonics to volcanoes, earthquakes and hurricanes. This subduction zone is characterized by rapid plate convergence and high-level seismicity extending to depths of over 600 km. 9 Fatalities 5,502 – the Kobe earthquake was a shallow crustal event, not so large, but very damaging 2003-05-26: Near the East Coast of Honshu, Japan – M 7. Some movies show scenes with the ground suddenly opening up and people falling into fiery pits, but this just doesn't happen in real life. The Philippine Sea Plate is subducted beneath the Eurasian plate. Immediately south of Osaka Bay is a fault called the Median Tectonic Line ( MTL) , and it was sudden movement along this fault that triggered the earthquake that hit Kobe. This means that the Philippine plate (Oceanic plate) moved under the Eurasian plate (continental plate) causing uplifting and folding of the ground that the plate was on. Secondary. 1995 Kobe Earthquake video. Over half of the world's volcanoes and earthquakes occur along the Pacific Ring of Fire. Best Answer: The denser oceanic Philippines Plate disappeared beneath the lighter continental Eurasian Plate, on this Destructive plate margin. The Indian, Australian, and North American cratons, in particular, are well known for their infrequent but destructive intraplate earthquakes. pseudo-point source model by simulating three crustal earthquakes (i. Kobe, Japan - 1995 = 5,000 deaths Tsunami - also called Seismic Sea Wave or Tidal Wave, caused by a submarine earthquake occurring less than 50km beneath the seafloor, with a magnitude greater than 6. Seismic shock waves will emanate radially outwards from these points and their energy will reduce with distance. 1995-01-16: Kobe, Japan – M 6. 9 on the Richter scale -roughly equivalent to the quake that shook Northridge and the rest of southern california on January 1994, or Kobe, Japan in January 1995. 2-magnitude earthquake in Kobe, Japan, in 1995 killed 6,000 people. Examples of recent large earthquakes affecting life and property include the January 13, 2001 magnitude 7. 5 off Miyagi earthquake had been repeatedly occurred with a recurrent period of about 40 years at the plate boundary between. Times Arial Helvetica CB Univers 67 CondensedBold Univers 67 CondensedBold Century Gothic Times New Roman Zapf Dingbats USGS Slide Template Earthquakes 101 (EQ101) Global Distribution of Earthquakes Plate Tectonics Plate Boundaries Slide 5 Three Types of Faults Normal Fault Example Thrust Fault Example Thrust Fault Example Strike-slip Fault. 2011 Japan Cause Effects Responses Destructive Boundary = (Crack crumble crack) Convection, pressure, subduction, melting creating pressure, magma rises through broken crust, eruption. Japan is one of the most geologic ally active regions on Earth, a place where four major tectonic plate s—the Eurasian, Philippine, Pacific, and North American—meet and interact. Like all earthquakes, the Kobe earthquake was caused by a sudden movement of the tectonic plates that make up the crust of the earth. The Pacific plate is subducted into the mantle, south of Japan, beneath the Izu-Bonin and Mariana island arcs, which extend more than 3,000 km along the eastern margin of the Philippine Sea plate. 46 am, on Tuesday January 17th, 1995. Earthquakes, volcanoes, and trenches all result from Japan being wedged among four major tectonic plates. ABSTRACT Understanding the factors controlling earthquake rupture areas in subduction zones is a fundamental question in geodynamic research. What type of plate boundary caused the earthquake? Destructive- The Phillipine plate is denser than the Eurasian plate as it is an oceanic crust, so when they collide the Phillipine plate is pushed under the Eurasian plate causing pressure to build between the two plates. It was after the disastrous Kobe earthquake of 17 January 1995 (M6. Therefore, earthquakes lower the Earth's available elastic potential energy and raise its temperature, though these changes are negligible compared to the conductive and convective flow of heat out from the Earth's deep interior. This subduction zone is characterized by rapid plate convergence and high-level seismicity extending to depths of over 600 km. Secondary. Natural hazards. Most people know that plate tectonics play a key role in the creation of earthquakes, but what exactly are plate tectonics. The city was founded on March 1, 1951. 0 or which caused significant damage or casualties. 1 Living with earthquakes and volcanoes 7 N Key Plate boundary (edge) Direction in which plate is moving Earthquakes Volcanoes Pacific Indo-Australian Philippine N o h A m e ric a n South American Nazca Antarctic African Caribbean Eurasian bian anian Indo-alian 0 3000 Kilometres Key words Continental Plate- plate with land on the surface Lava. 2 on the Richter Scale. facts about the kobe japan earthquake of 1995. It measured 6. For example, because so many people live on the coast of Japan, there is a high population density. It is Japan’s misfortune that it lies on the edge of two plates of the Earth’s crust which rub against each other. earthquake, trembling or shaking movement of the earth's surface. The great destruction which resulted from the 1995 Kobe Earthquake was due to the shallow depth of the focus which was only about 16 kms. Introduction The crust of the Earth is made up of seven major plates and several minor ones. Secondly, earthquakes can be triggered by tectonics activity related to plate margins and faults. USGS reported that the earthquakes "occurred as a result of thrust faulting on or near the subduction zone interface plate boundary. The Japanese earthquake was caused by the denser Philippine (oceanic) Plate sliding under the less dense Eurasian (continental) plate. All lesson are suitable for 50 minutes to 1 hour of teaching time. Earthquakes at Divergent Boundaries Earthquakes can occur where two plates are being pushed apart. Here the Philippine Sea plate is moving under the Eurasia plate in an extensive subduction zone. of at least one M 6. What type of plate boundary caused the earthquake? Destructive- The Phillipine plate is denser than the Eurasian plate as it is an oceanic crust, so when they collide the Phillipine plate is pushed under the Eurasian plate causing pressure to build between the two plates. Iwata, and K. Special attention will be paid to the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB), the most extensive and active plate boundary on the Earth, which remains, particularly beneath continents, relatively cryptic compared to other first-order structural subdivisions of Earth. The region is located on the Eurasian plate, close to the intersection of the Philippine Sea Plate and the Pacific Plate (Bardet, J. However, as the boundary curves around to form the northern boundary of the Caribbean plate, where the Haitian earthquake occurred, it starts to run parallel to the direction of relative plate motion, making strike-slip faulting along E-W trending faults the most likely expression of deformation in this region. This unit explores Natural Hazards, from plate tectonics to volcanoes, earthquakes and hurricanes. On January 17th, 1995, Japan was woken at 5:46am by its largest ever recorded earthquake. The oceanic Pacific Plate subducts (sinks under) the Eurasian Plate. Imagine that you were a newspaper reporter in Japan during the Kobe earthquake. Most people know that plate tectonics play a key role in the creation of earthquakes, but what exactly are plate tectonics. Full KS3 unit of work for Natural Hazards. What? Earthquake measuring 7. We estimated the slip-deficit rate distribution on the plate boundary between the subducting Philippine Sea plate and the continental Amurian plate along the Nankai Trough, southwest Japan. ** Make sure to hit your web browser's "reload" button to view the latest updates **. Some effects. 2 event and yet killed nearly 6,000 persons and produced an estimated $200 billion loss. Japan Earthquake 2011: 8. The earthquake resulted in more than 6,000 deaths and over 30,000 injuries. The earthquake's location, magnitude of the earthquake, surface geology, and population density are major factors contributing to earthquake damage. Kōbe earthquake of 1995, (Jan. 7 Prevention Even with todays modern technology its impossible to prevent earthquakes and the forces of nature but there are ways that damage can be reduced or minimized. Similar scenarios are possible at any time in San Francisco, Seattle, and other U. facts about the kobe japan earthquake of 1995. Article Abstract: Analysis of earthquakes in the Cascadia subduction zone, located along the Pacific coast of North America, was undertaken through two radiocarbon dating procedures and the use of several plant fossils. Oshige Eight-Japan Engineering Consultants Inc. "The magnitude 9. The economic aftershocks of the earthquake and tsunami which struck Japan on Friday are only slightly less difficult to fathom than the scale of the human tragedy and physical devastation. It measured 7. The earthquake in Kobe, Japan, in 1995 disrupted electricity, gas and water supplies to about a million of Kobe city’s 1. May 15, 2013, 9:46:06 AM EDT. Converging Boundaries At converging boundaries, plates are moving toward each other. This subduction zone is characterized by rapid plate convergence and high-level seismicity extending to depths of over 600 km. , Tokyo, Japan I. convergent plate boundary where the Pacific Plate subducts beneath Japan. What triggered the earthquake was the Median Tectonic Line and it was sudden movement along this fault that triggered the earthquake that hit Kobe. Ash cloud extends 565 km SE Emperor Seamount chain -42 Myr Juan de Fuca Ridge (red) and plate Dec. 0 (interim value, the largest in Japan and the 4th largest in the world) c. 46 (local time) a strong earthquake shattered the Japanese city of Kobe and despite many constructions and buildings were assumed earthquake-proof, more than 6. pseudo-point source model by simulating three crustal earthquakes (i. What is a an earthquake? An earthquake is a trembling or shaking of the ground caused by a sudden slip on a fault. Where Do Earthquakes Occur and How Often? 95% of all earthquakes occur along the plate boundaries most of these result from convergent margin activity remaining 5% occur in interiors of plates and on spreading ridge centers more than 150,000 quakes strong enough to be felt are recorded each year Dr. This subduction zone is characterized by rapid plate convergence and high-level seismicity extending to depths of over 600 km. 46 on 17th January 1995 an earthquake measuring 7. It is a megacity and has one of the largest container ports in the World. Seismic shock waves will emanate radially outwards from these points and their energy will reduce with distance. The 11 March 2011, magnitude 9. below the surface. Kōbe earthquake of 1995, (Jan. Effects: Key Fact - primary effects happen immediately. This is a fairly high convergence rate and. GEO-113: ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY. Distribution of large earthquakes Tottori earthquake (M = 6. A conservative plate boundary, sometimes called a transform plate margin, occurs where plates slide past each other in opposite directions, or in the same direction but at different speeds. Imagine that you were a newspaper reporter in Japan during the Kobe earthquake. In order to understand what may have triggered the 1995 Kobe, Japan, earthquake and how the rupture proceeded after initiation, we determined high-resolution three-dimensional (3-D) P and S wave velocity and Poisson's ratio structures in the Kobe epicentral area and relocated the aftershocks with the obtained 3-D velocity model. There too, heavy tile roofs collapsed into many houses. Plate Tectonics The unifying theory of plate tectonics, first proposed in the 1960's, guides efforts to predict and minimize the consequences of natural disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis. , they cause the earth to vibrate perpendicularly to the direction of their motion. The 1923 Kanto earthquake shook both Yokohama (population 500,000, at that time) and Tokyo (population 2. ABSTRACT Understanding the factors controlling earthquake rupture areas in subduction zones is a fundamental question in geodynamic research. While the earthquake occurred several hundred kilometers northwest of the Ryukyu Trench, where the Philippine Sea plate begins its northwestward subduction beneath Japan and the Eurasia plate, the shallow depth and faulting mechanism of this earthquake indicate it occurred on a crustal fault within the upper Eurasia plate. Includes earthquake map, earthquake statistics and earthquake news. 4 on the Richter scale and occurred as a result of plate movement along the boundary between the Philippines Plate, Pacific Plate and Eurasian Plate. The shockwaves created produce an earthquake. After an earthquake on December 16 in the Kingdom of Naples, Robert Mallet, an Irish engineer, coins the term “seismology” during his field investigation of the earthquake. What plate boundary is the. Earthquakes, Faults, and Plate Tectonics 1. Plate Tectonics. Most people know that plate tectonics play a key role in the creation of earthquakes, but what exactly are plate tectonics. Students study how geology relates to the frequency of large-magnitude earthquakes in Japan. Kobe, Japan, 1995 - MEDC On 17th January 1995, an earthquake struck Kobe, a heavily populated urban area in Japan. The great destruction which resulted from the 1995 Kobe Earthquake was due to the shallow depth of the focus which was only about 16 kms. Volcanoes are not found at conservative plate boundaries. What causes earthquakes, and how do we study them? 6. Even three years after the earthquake, the Port was only handling about half of its pre-quake traffic. 5 m offset, while the deeper part or subparallel concealed faults of the Rokko fault system slipped under Kobe. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. GEO-113: ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY. , 1997) is consistent with our model, and with the known direction of rupture propagation in this event (Yoshida et al. Donate at Google's Crisis Response Center. plate from another across such wide boundary zones. This is a list of earthquakes in Japan with either a magnitude greater than or equal to 7. The intensity and the death and economic toll were unusually high for this size of an earthquake in modern Japan. Helens 28 Supervolcanoes and hotspots 33 Mount Etna 34 Earthquakes 38 Kobe, Japan 42 Tsunami 46 Predict and prepare 48 Glossary 50. Where plate boundaries occur within continental lithosphere, deformation is. Pressure shift arose from these action and cooling stages in mantle causes stresses in the earth crust. Japan is located on the east edge of the Eurasian Plate. Significant. The Kobe earthquake, Japan, 1995 show how the city lies along the boundary of the Philippine and Eurasian tectonic plates. Earthquake M7. But, construction of nuclear power plants in Japan was started around the early 1960's, just on the eve of the birth and spread of two basic theory of modern earthquake science, fault model of earthquakes and plate tectonics. 2 on the Richter scale (or 6. The 11 March 2011, magnitude 9. USGS is reporting the same magnitude and depth. One year later, however, Kobe, Japan was devastated by the most expensive earthquake in history. They are common occurrences and we should not be surprised by their cost in lives and money. In a densely populated area, an earthquake may do far more damage than one of greater magnitude that occurs in a remote area. 1995 Kobe, Japan, earthquake (hereinafter referred as the 1995 Kobe earthquake) was only a magnitude m = 7. 4 on the Richter scale and occurred as a result of plate movement along the boundary between the Philippines Plate, Pacific Plate and Eurasian Plate. The 1995 Kobe, Japan, earthquake: A long-delayed aftershock of the offshore 1944 Tonankai and 1946 Nankaido earthquakes Fred F. The earthquake was occurring at 5. Earthquake Kobe Japan 1995. Close to Kobe, the heavier oceanic Philippines Plate is being pushed beneath the lighter continental Eurasian Plate. kobe was thought to be 'earthquake proof' because of advanced planning to ensure buildings were structurally resistant to the vibration caused by earthquakes. , Tokyo, Japan T. Figure 2 - Earthquakes of M 7 or more in the Japanese archipelago (1885-1995, depths of 100 km or less) Source: Japanese Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion, n. Sometimes, volcanoes grow high enough that they are visible above the ocean’s surface, like those that form Iceland. instance, after the 1995 Kobe earthquake, the Port of Kobe, Japan’s largest shipping facility, was out of commission for more than two years, leading to huge economic losses for many local businesses. What causes earthquakes, and how do we study them? 6. PLATE Amur Plate 0 500 km Tokyo Sendai Kobe Yangtze Plate Ok in awa Plat e PHILIPPINE CHINA SOUTH KOREA NORTH KOREA RUSSIA N PACIFIC PLATE Amur Plate Key Major plate margins Major plate Major fault lines within the Eurasian Plate Minor plate Figure 1: Plate boundaries in the Japan region Figure 2: The earthquake epicentre, showing the affected. It struck a region where most people lived in caves carved from soft rock. Total number of the station used in this study is 113. All lesson are suitable for 50 minutes to 1 hour of teaching time. (Mt st Helens) DANGEROUS ERUPTIONS Constructive Boundary = Convection, pressure, pull apart, eruption. EARTHQUAKE LOCATIONSThe location in the earth where an earth-quake begins is called the focus. 1 million), killing 142,000 people. This is a list of earthquakes in Japan with either a magnitude greater than or equal to 7. Fire •Earthquakes may rupture gas pipes and this can provide fuel to start fires. This is the fourth largest earthquake in the world and the largest in Japan since instrumental recordings began in 1900. Earthquake dynamics in plate subduction zones. The Kobe earthquake killed over 6,000 people and caused damage estimated at. It measured 7. The agency is reporting a depth of 30 km (18. 369 E, depth 32 km) generated a tsunami observed over the Pacific region and caused tremendous local devastation. Where is Kobe located? Find here Kobe location on Japan map also know interesting facts about the city. Convection currents in the mantle move these plates about (very slowly) and two or more plates can move against each other on the boundaries where they meet. An oceanic plate subducts underneath another plate at a convergent boundary, such area is called a subduction zone. This subduction zone is characterized by rapid plate convergence and high-level seismicity extending to depths of over 600 km. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. It is the location of these plate boundaries that result in the massive number of earthquakes in Japan, estimated at over 1500 annually. The probability of a Mw = 6. Kobe (Japan) – Land reclamation and tectonics. What causes earthquakes, and how do we study them? 6. This puts the whole of Japan in danger of having an earthquake. Many people live in areas where earthquakes are likely to occur. Damage: >$120 Billion. For example, because so many people live on the coast of Japan, there is a high population density. The movement of the Nojima fault was that of a strike slip movement, were the faults are moving horizontally. divergent 2. Today's Earthquakes 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours. So countries that are prone to these seismic changes tend try to prevent or minimise the damage these earthquakes can cause. 17, 1995, in the southern part of Hyōgo. The Kobe Earthquake 1995 - Internet Geography. What plate boundary is the. An earthquake prediction should be a short-term prediction based on observable physical phenomena or precursors. Kobe, Japan, 1995 – MEDC On 17th January 1995, an earthquake struck Kobe, a heavily populated urban area in Japan. EARTHQUAKE LOCATIONSThe location in the earth where an earth-quake begins is called the focus. Volcanoes are common in Japan and are found along and to the west of a line running approximately down the middle of the main island of Honshu, the southern island of Kyushu, and the northern island of Hokkaido. Although Japan didn't expect the massive 8. This would be a great resource for Give this example and then have them do their own 1995 Kobe earthquake, Japan. An oceanic plate subducts underneath another plate at a convergent boundary, such area is called a subduction zone. USGS reported that the earthquakes "occurred as a result of thrust faulting on or near the subduction zone interface plate boundary. It is the location of these plate boundaries that result in the massive number of earthquakes in Japan, estimated at over 1500 annually. Known as the Great East Japan Earthquake, the earthquake and particularly the ensuing tsunami killed nearly 20,000 people and caused a nuclear accident at a power plant in Fukushima Prefecture. It measured 6. In Kobe Japan in 1995 a similar quake killed about 5,000. Japan is near the boundary of several tectonic plates in motion. 17, 1995) large-scale earthquake in the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area of western Japan that was among the strongest, deadliest, and costliest to ever strike that country. It struck a region where most people lived in caves carved from soft rock. The Cascadia fault is the boundary between two of the Earth's tectonic plates: the smaller offshore Juan de Fuca plate that is sliding under the much larger North American plate. below the surface. Effects: Key Fact - primary effects happen immediately. A Wikimédia Commons tartalmaz 1995-ös kóbei földrengés témájú médiaállományokat. The elevation of the terrain is also indicated by color. Many large earthquakes including the 1995 M7. 5 off Miyagi earthquake had been repeatedly occurred with a recurrent period of about 40 years at the plate boundary between. earthquakes. An earthquake is a sudden, rapid shaking of the Earth caused by the breaking and shifting of rock beneath the Earth's surface. The Pacific plate is subducted into the mantle, south of Japan, beneath the Izu-Bonin and Mariana island arcs, which extend more than 3,000 km along the eastern margin of the Philippine Sea plate. Introduction The crust of the Earth is made up of seven major plates and several minor ones. 0 and with a vertical depth range of 2km to 7km downward from the plate interface occur. Another reason is because MEDC's are more likely to have plans and emergency drills planned out in case of natural hazards unlike LEDC's which lack disaster response plans. The= 1995 Kobe, Japan (magnitude 6. Today's Earthquakes 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours. Kobe, Japan earthquake. Earthquakes: Kobe. At this type of boundary, lava flows from the ridge to form new oceanic crust. At the boundaries between these huge plates of rock and soil, the plates sometimes move apart, and magma , or molten rock, comes to the surface, where it's called lava. To Japanese Page Kojiro Irikura's Home Professor of Kyoto University 2003. The Indian, Australian, and North American cratons, in particular, are well known for their infrequent but destructive intraplate earthquakes. 8 on the Moment magnitude scale (the successor to the Richter magnitude scale). 9), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century. Friction is eventually overcome and the plates slip past in a sudden movement. 5 off Miyagi earthquake had been repeatedly occurred with a recurrent period of about 40 years at the plate boundary between. It measured 7. Jamaica itself is traversed by a number of geological faults that feature Quaternary left-lateral offsets. Pollitz Department of Earth Sciences Institute of Theoretical Geophysics University of Cambridge. Lives Lost: 5472. 0-magnitude earthquake struck Japan, Friday afternoon, on 11 March 2011 at 0546 GMT * The quake was centered 130 kilometers to the east of Sendai. 9 Fatalities 5,502 – the Kobe earthquake was a shallow crustal event, not so large, but very damaging 2003-05-26: Near the East Coast of Honshu, Japan – M 7. But Japan vividly remembers the "Great Hanshin Earthquake", which killed more than 6,400 people when it flattened the city of Kobe and surrounding areas in 1995. 2 on the Richter scale and lasted over 20 seconds. Unfortunately, in the case of Japan, the country lies at the intersection of four tectonic plates; the North American Plate, the Eurasian Plate, the Pacific Plate and the Philippine Sea Plate. 2 on the Richter scale (or 6. The Nojima fault on Awaji Island ruptured the ground surface with 1 to 2. Earthquakes are very common along this boundary. The Kobe Earthquake 1995 - Internet Geography. Southwestern Japan lies at the boundary between the subducting Philippine Sea plate and the overriding Eurasian plate. There are four types of faults: normal, reverse, thrust, and strike-up. USGS reported that the earthquakes "occurred as a result of thrust faulting on or near the subduction zone interface plate boundary. The reconstruction costs will likely be Japan's biggest since World War II. Helens 28 Supervolcanoes and hotspots 33 Mount Etna 34 Earthquakes 38 Kobe, Japan 42 Tsunami 46 Predict and prepare 48 Glossary 50. Kobe, Japan earthquake. In January 1995 an earthquake that ruptured a southern branch of the Japan Median Tectonic Line near the city of Kobe (population 1. The point on the Earth’s surface immediately above the focus is called the epicentre. 0) earthquakes and 250 large (M>7) events. 5 on the Richter scale occurring just east of Japan (similar to the 1923 earthquake) would destroy about 2. Over half of the world's volcanoes and earthquakes occur along the Pacific Ring of Fire. The Great Hanshin earthquake, or Kobe earthquake, occurred on January 17, 1995 at 05:46:53 JST in the southern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, including the region known as Hanshin. Earthquakes and volcanoes occur along plate boundaries. Kobe, Japan, 1995 – MEDC On 17th January 1995, an earthquake struck Kobe, a heavily populated urban area in Japan. Kobe Earthquake- 17th January 1995 Facts o Earthquake was 7. It is located on three plates; the Pacific, the Philippine and the Eurasian. This is the fourth largest earthquake in the world and the largest in Japan since instrumental recordings began in 1900. Mar 12, 2011 · There, as in Japan, the plate boundary is a subduction zone. 2 Endurance - 20seconds Focus depth - shallow at 16km South of the fault moved 1. A labelled map showing the world´s major tectonic plates, their direction of movement and the distribution of the world´s main volcanoes and earthquakes. 46 on 17th January 1995 an earthquake measuring 7. , they cause the earth to vibrate perpendicularly to the direction of their motion. When these waves hit the earth's surface, they make the ground move which causes the earthquake. Plate Tectonics. In order to understand what may have triggered the 1995 Kobe, Japan, earthquake and how the rupture proceeded after initiation, we determined high-resolution three-dimensional (3-D) P and S wave velocity and Poisson's ratio structures in the Kobe epicentral area and relocated the aftershocks with the obtained 3-D velocity model. There, as in Japan, the plate boundary is a subduction zone. Introduction The crust of the Earth is made up of seven major plates and several minor ones. Secondary. 17, 1995) large-scale earthquake in the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area of western Japan that was among the strongest, deadliest, and costliest to ever strike that country. 1 earthquake that struck off the Indonesian island of Sumatra in 2004, generating a tsunami that killed. The earthquake in Kobe in 1995 was such an inland earthquake. Once or twice a month, on average, there's a 7 to 7. All lessons have a starter and learning objectives. 46 am, on Tuesday January 17th, 1995. 5 miles below the seabed around 85 miles offshore. 2 on the Richter Scale. Helens 28 Supervolcanoes and hotspots 33 Mount Etna 34 Earthquakes 38 Kobe, Japan 42 Tsunami 46 Predict and prepare 48 Glossary 50. Best Answer: The denser oceanic Philippines Plate disappeared beneath the lighter continental Eurasian Plate, on this Destructive plate margin. Internetgeography. The Eurasian plate is lighter than the Philippine plate, so the latter moves beneath the Eurasian plate, which in the case of the Kobe resulted in a shallow-depth-of-focus earthquake that was. convergent 3. Mouseover to experience earthquake An earthquake is a shaking of the ground caused by the sudden breaking and movement of large sections (tectonic plates) of the earth's rocky outermost crust. [S04-02] 3-D thermal modeling associated with subduction of the Philippine Sea plate along the Ryukyu Trench *Nobuaki Suenaga 1 , Shoichi Yoshioka 2,1 , Yingfeng Ji 3,4 (1. 46 on 17th January 1995 an earthquake measuring 7. Although the two earth-quakes were close on the Richter scale, the Kobe earthquake was far more destructive. 9) that crisis management of Japan greatly promoted since the government set up a GIS system and a general computer network. The earthquake of Kobe occurred at 5. plate boundary. The Philippine Sea Plate is subducted below the Eurasian plate, resulting in Japan having greater than average seismic and volcanic activity. There are two types of converging plate boundaries. Help Japan now. Its epicentre was Awaji Island, near the port city of Kobe. 5502 people killed June 3, 1991: Unzen, Japan volcanic eruption kills 43 peop including 3 geologists Sept. The resulting earthquake was about 1,400 times stronger than the 6. Historical records, one of seismologists' best tools. "Slip parameters on major thrusts at a convergent plate boundary: Kobe, Japan, 2nd August 2017. The Nojima fault on Awaji Island ruptured the ground surface with 1 to 2. Kobe earthquake, Japan 5:46am 17th January 1995 Kobe-Osaka Fact file Physical Environment Population Wealth ( MEDC or LEDC) Housing and land values Industries Transport Port Kobe earthquake, Japan 5:46am 17th January 1995 Kobe-Osaka Fact file Physical Environment Population Wealth ( MEDC or LEDC) Housing and land values Industries Transport Port Look at the slides and the pictures on p70-72 to. Kobe, Japan, 1995 - MEDC On 17th January 1995, an earthquake struck Kobe, a heavily populated urban area in Japan. Kobe, Japan January, 1995 Magnitude 6. 46 (local time) a strong earthquake shattered the Japanese city of Kobe and despite many constructions and buildings were assumed earthquake-proof, more than 6. Fukahata, C. Earthquake in Kobe,Japan 1995 An earthquake is a natural disaster that takes place when seismic waves, which is movement in the tectonic plates, are created when energy is released in the Earth's crust. 9 that struck the Tokyo-Yokohama metropolitan area near noon on September 1, 1923. Friction is eventually overcome and the plates slip past in a sudden movement. Where Do Earthquakes Occur and How Often? 95% of all earthquakes occur along the plate boundaries most of these result from convergent margin activity remaining 5% occur in interiors of plates and on spreading ridge centers more than 150,000 quakes strong enough to be felt are recorded each year Dr. Part of the problem may have been human caused. Earthquake foci are usually found along plate boundaries, between 70 and 700 km below the Earth’s surface. Plates slide past each other in horizontal movement, retarded at irregularities in plate boundaries. Japan is located on the east edge of the Eurasian Plate. Convection currents in the mantle move these plates about (very slowly) and two or more plates can move against each other on the boundaries where they meet. The earthquake of Kobe occurred at 5. Az 1995-ös kóbei földrengés (más néven Nagy Hansin földrengés, japánul: 阪神・淡路大震災, Hepburn-átírásban: Nagy Hanshin földrengés) Japán történelmének egyik legerősebb, legtöbb áldozatot követelő, valamint legnagyobb károkat okozó földrengése volt.